Crypto definitions: A newbie’s information to cryptocurrency lingo


Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency created in 2009 by an unknown particular person (or folks) utilizing the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. Not like conventional currencies such because the US greenback, bitcoin is not managed by a financial institution or authorities. Bitcoin is by far essentially the most useful and fashionable cryptocurrency in use at present.

A blockchain is a digital ledger and the important thing know-how underpinning most cryptocurrencies, non-fungible tokens (extra on these later) and different distinctive digital objects.

Blockchain can be utilized to retailer all types of knowledge, however to date its commonest use is in recording cryptocurrency transactions. As soon as a transaction is made, it is entered on this public ledger, which is managed by a world peer-to-peer community — thousands and thousands of computer systems, in bitcoin’s case.

Blockchain is key to bitcoin’s enchantment: As a decentralized database, it could possibly’t be managed by anyone particular person or group — in contrast to a fiat forex such because the US greenback, which is managed by a central financial institution.

Purchase the f****ing dip (BTFD)

A rally cry for crypto bulls that urges buyers to purchase cash when costs drop.


The main cryptocurrency alternate platform. The corporate went public in April, an occasion that many seen as a turning level within the story of cryptocurrencies’ journey into the mainstream market.


An all-digital cash system made up of “cash” or “tokens” which might be managed by a decentralized ledger.


The oddball of the crypto household started as a joke based mostly on the “doge” meme in 2013. However as cryptos have broadly gained mainstream curiosity, dogecoin has emerged as an sudden heavy hitter. It now has a market cap of greater than $30 billion and it has surged greater than 5,000% to date this yr. And in contrast to its extra fashionable brethren, a single dogecoin continues to be low-cost — it hit an all-time excessive of about 45 cents in April. Whether or not or not its a wise funding stays an energetic query.

Elon Musk

Tesla CEO whose tweets have been recognized to spark rallies in cryptocurrencies equivalent to bitcoin and dogecoin.


An open-source blockchain-based software program that controls the cryptocurrency Ether. It’s the second-largest digital forex by market cap at almost $300 billion.

FUD (“concern, uncertainty, doubt”)

In crypto parlance, FUD refers to unfavorable data that weighs on an asset’s worth.


Relying on whom you ask, that is both a typo that caught or an abbreviation of “maintain on for pricey life.” Bitcoin bulls usually tweet “HODL” as a response to FUD.

The typo lore dates to a 2013 submit on the discussion board bitcointalk titled, “I AM HODLING.” In it, an apparently drunk bitcoin investor ranted about holding onto the crypto even because it fell drastically. Memes have been created, and the time period grew to become a shorthand for an funding technique.


The sophisticated course of by which new bitcoins are entered into circulation. Mining just isn’t for novice fans: It requires high-powered computer systems that remedy complicated mathematical puzzles to create a brand new “block” on the blockchain.

The mining course of eats up a number of computing energy and electrical energy, which has led to issues about bitcoin’s environmental affect.


Non-fungible tokens, or NFTs, are items of digital content material linked to the Ethereum blockchain. “Non-fungible” basically means one-of-a-kind, one thing that may’t get replaced, in contrast to, for instance, a greenback invoice which you could substitute with some other greenback invoice. Within the easiest phrases, NFTs remodel digital artistic endeavors and different collectibles into one-of-a-kind, verifiable property.

Satoshi Nakamoto 

The pseudonym that refers back to the particular person (or folks) who invented bitcoin. Their actual id stays unknown.

Satoshis, aka “Sats”

The smallest unit of bitcoin ever recorded on the blockchain, equal to at least one one-millionth of a bitcoin.


Just like the bodily factor you carry your money and playing cards in, a pockets within the crypto world is a spot to retailer digital forex. The primary factor it’s essential learn about wallets is that you could by no means, ever lose or neglect your password.

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